Information Technology's Role In Business

Information technology is everywhere in business.

Information Technology's Impact on Business Operation

Information Technology Basics

Information Technology (IT)
- a fields concerned with the use of  technology in managing and processing information.
IT is an important enable of business success and innovation.

Management Information system (MIS)
-a general name for the business function and academic discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and produces.
-collectively called information systems.
-to solve business problems.
MIS is a business function, similar to Accounting, Finance, Operation, and Human Resources.

When beginning to learn about information technology it is important to understand the following :
- Data, information, and business intelligence
-IT resources
-IT cultures

Data, Information, BI

-raw facts that describe the charateristic of an event
-data converted into a meaningful and useful context
Business Intelligence
-applications and technologies that are used to gather, provide access to, and analyze data and information to support decision-making efforts

          Data in an Excel Spreadsheet

          Data turned into information

       Information turned into Business Intelligence

IT Resources

People use 

Information technology to work with 


IT Cultures 

Organizational information cultures include:
Information-Functional Culture 
-Employees use information as a means of exercising influence or power over others. For example, a manager in sales refuses to share information with marketing. This causes marketing to need the sales manager’s input each time a new sales strategy is developed.

Information-Sharing Culture  
-Employees across departments trust each other to use information (especially about problems and failures) to improve performance.

Information-Inquiring Culture 
-Employees across departments search for information to better understand the future and align themselves with current trends and new directions.

Information-Discovery Culture 
-Employees across departments are open to new insights about crisis and radical changes and seek ways to create competitive advantages.